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McKinney is a city in and the county seat of Collin County, Texas, United States. It is Collin County's second-largest city, after Plano. An exurb of the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex, McKinney is about 32 miles (51 km) north of Dallas.

The Census Bureau listed McKinney as the nation's fastest-growing city from 2000 to 2003 and again in 2006, among cities with more than 50,000 people. In 2007, it was ranked second-fastest-growing among cities with more than 100,000 people and in 2008 as third-fastest. In the 2010 census, the city's population was 131,117, making it Texas's 19th-most populous city. The most recent population estimate, produced by the city as of 2019, is 199,177. As of May 2017, McKinney City was the third-fastest-growing city in the United States.

In 2014, McKinney was rated #1 by Money Magazine as "Best Place to Live" in America.

On March 24, 1839, William Davis, who owned 3,000 acres (12 km2) where McKinney now stands, donated 120 acres (0.49 km2) for the townsite. Ten years later, McKinney incorporated, and in 1913, the town adopted the commission form of government.

Old Collin County Courthouse in Courthouse Square, 2016.
For the first 125 years of its history, McKinney served as the principal commercial center for the county. The county seat provided farmers with flour, corn, and cotton mills, cotton gins, a cotton compress, and a cottonseed oil mill, as well as banks, churches, schools, newspapers, and from the 1880s, an opera house. Businesses also came to include a textile mill, an ice company, a large dairy, and a garment-manufacturing company. The population grew from 35 in 1848 to 4,714 in 1912. By 1953, McKinney had a population of more than 10,000 and 355 businesses. The town continued to serve as an agribusiness center for the county until the late 1960s.

By 1970, McKinney was surpassed in size by Plano. McKinney experienced moderate population growth, from 15,193 in the 1970 census, to 21,283 in the 1990 census. By the mid-1980s, the town had become a commuter center for residents who worked in Plano and Dallas. In 1985, it had a population of just over 16,000 and supported 254 businesses. Since then, McKinney's rate of increase has been much more dramatic. In the 2000 census, McKinney had grown to 54,369 with 2,005 businesses and in the 2010 census the population had more than doubled to 131,117 residents. The Census Bureau's most recent estimated population for McKinney (July 1, 2015) is 162,898. The most recent population estimate, produced by the city as of January 1, 2019, is 187,802.

Both the city and the county were named for Collin McKinney, signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, and a congressman for the Red River district of the Republic of Texas. He was the author of a bill establishing counties in the northern part of the state.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 62.9 square miles (162.9 km2), of which 62.2 square miles (161.1 km2) is land and 0.7 square mile (1.7 km2), or 1.07%, is covered by water.

McKinney is considered part of the humid subtropical region.

On average, the warmest month is July.
The highest recorded temperature was 118 F (48 C) in 1936.
On average, the coolest month is January.
The lowest recorded temperature was ?7 F (?22 C) in 1930.
The maximum average precipitation occurs in May.
It is also part of the Texas blackland prairies, which means it gets hot summers because it is in the Sun Belt. Humidity makes temperatures feel higher, and winters are mild and are usually rainy; snowstorms occasionally occur. Spring is the wettest part of the year, which brings winds from the Gulf Coast.

Climate data for McKinney, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high F (C) 87
(31) 95
(35) 97
(36) 100
(38) 105
(41) 108
(42) 112
(44) 118
(48) 110
(43) 99
(37) 93
(34) 89
(32) 118
Average high F (C) 52.5
(11.4) 58.1
(14.5) 65.6
(18.7) 73.3
(22.9) 80.2
(26.8) 87.7
(30.9) 92.7
(33.7) 92.6
(33.7) 85.4
(29.7) 75.7
(24.3) 63.2
(17.3) 54.8
(12.7) 73.5
Average low F (C) 31.1
(?0.5) 34.9
(1.6) 42.2
(5.7) 51.2
(10.7) 60.8
(16.0) 68.5
(20.3) 72.0
(22.2) 70.6
(21.4) 64.2
(17.9) 53.0
(11.7) 42.4
(5.8) 34.1
(1.2) 52.1
Record low F (C) ?7
(?22) ?5
(?21) 7
(?14) 25
(?4) 27
(?3) 44
(7) 50
(10) 53
(12) 39
(4) 15
(?9) 11
(?12) ?4
(?20) ?7
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.43
(62) 2.91
(74) 3.37
(86) 3.65
(93) 5.68
(144) 4.11
(104) 2.36
(60) 2.16
(55) 3.15
(80) 4.24
(108) 3.71
(94) 3.24
(82) 41.01
Average snowfall inches (cm) .8
(2.0) 1.0
(2.5) .1
(0.25) 0
(0) 0
(0) 0
(0) 0
(0) 0
(0) 0
(0) 0
(0) .2
(0.51) .2
(0.51) 2.3
Average precipitation days (? 0.01 in) 7.3 6.3 7.6 7.1 8.9 7.0 4.5 4.1 5.9 6.3 6.6 6.6 78.2
Average snowy days (? 0.1 in) .8 1.0 .1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .1 .2 2.2
Source 1: NOAA
Source 2: The Weather Channel
Historical population
Census Pop. %
1850 315
1870 503
1880 1,479 194.0%
1890 2,489 68.3%
1900 4,342 74.4%
1910 4,714 8.6%
1920 6,677 41.6%
1930 7,307 9.4%
1940 8,555 17.1%
1950 10,560 23.4%
1960 13,763 30.3%
1970 15,193 10.4%
1980 16,249 7.0%
1990 21,283 31.0%
2000 54,369 155.5%
2010 131,117 141.2%
Est. 2019 199,177 51.9%

As of the 2010 Census, the city had a population of 131,117 people. The racial makeup of the city was 77.3% White (61.4% Non-Hispanic White), 11.5% African American, 0.4% Native American, 6.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.4% of the population.

Of the 28,186 households, 45.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.6% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.2% were not families; 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the city, the population was distributed as 30.9% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 36.4% from 25 to 44, 16.5% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $63,366, and for a family was $72,133. Males had a median income of $50,663 versus $32,074 for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,185. About 4.9% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

Population growth and foreign-born population
Between 1970 and 1990, McKinney experienced moderate population growth, from 15,193 in the 1970 census, to 21,283 in the 1990 census. Since then, McKinney's rate of increase has been much more dramatic. In the 2000 census, McKinney had grown to 54,369 and to 131,117 in the 2010 census.

As of the 2000 U.S. Census, 64% of the foreign-born residents of McKinney originated from Mexico. As of 2009, 70% of McKinney's total population born outside of the United States had arrived to the U.S. in the 1990s. In May 2017, the US Census Bureau reported that McKinney City, Texas was the third fastest-growing city in the United States. It had a 5.9% growth rate between 2015 and 2016.

According to the city's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,

The top 10 employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Raytheon Space & Airborne Systems 2,725
2 Collin College 2,631
3 McKinney Independent School District 2,500
4 Torchmark Corporation 1,640
5 Encore Wire Corporation 1,350
6 City of McKinney 1,271
7 Medical Center of McKinney 1,000
8 Baylor Scott & White Medical Center - McKinney 738
9 TimberBlindsMetroShade 450
10 Watson & Chalin Mfg Inc. 350

Map from 1876
Local government
The Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (2016) states that the city's various funds had $324.6 million in total revenues, $247.9 million in total expenditures, $1,360.8 million in total assets, $437.6 million in total liabilities, and $363.9 million in cash and investments.

The McKinney City Council has seven members. Two council members and the mayor are elected at large, and four council members are elected to single-member districts.

McKinney's City Manager serves under the direction of the City Council, and administers and coordinates the implementation of procedures, policies, and ordinances.

The city of McKinney is a voluntary member of the North Central Texas Council of Governments association, the purpose of which is to coordinate individual and collective local governments and facilitate regional solutions, eliminate unnecessary duplication, and enable joint decisions.

State government
McKinney is represented in the Texas Senate by Republican Angela Paxton, District 8, and Republican Pat Fallon, District 30. McKinney is also represented in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican Scott Sanford, District 70.

Federal government
At the federal level, the two U.S. senators from Texas are Republicans John Cornyn and Ted Cruz. McKinney is part of Texas's U.S. Congressional 3rd District, which is represented by Republican Van Taylor.

Police department
The McKinney Police Department is the primary municipal law enforcement agency that serves the city. Chief Greg Conley is the head of the department. For fiscal year 201617, there was an authorized total of 201 sworn peace officers and 59 non-sworn civilian positions.

The department was awarded national accredited status from the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA) and is also a Texas Police Chief's Association Foundation (TPCAF) Recognized Agency, making it only the third agency in Texas to receive both state and national accreditation.

Notable recent incidents in the department's history include: the high-profile investigation of a 2004 quadruple homicide that claimed the lives of two adults and two high school football players; a 2010 attack on the police department headquarters by a gunman who fired over 100 rifle rounds at the building and employees after attempting to detonate a truck and trailer full of explosives; and protests and media attention after a video was released showing an officer pinning a young Black girl at a pool party in 2015.

The department has lost three officers in the line of duty: City Marshal Samuel Burks in 1902, Officer Marion Taylor in 1938, and Officer Milligan Burk in 1970.

McKinney is the home of the Central Park Campus of Collin College near the city's center at US 75 and US 380, which opened in 1985 as the initial campus for the community college district. The Collin Higher Education Center campus of Collin College opened in southern McKinney in 2010 and offers select bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degree programs in partnership with Texas A&M University-Commerce, Texas Woman's University, The University of Texas at Dallas, and the University of North Texas.

Public school districts
Two-thirds of McKinney residents are within the McKinney Independent School District; the remaining third are part of Frisco Independent School District, Prosper Independent School District, Allen Independent School District, Melissa Independent School District, Lovejoy Independent School District, or Celina Independent School District.

Five of the seven school districts serving the city placed in the top 5% in the Niche 2018 Best School Districts in America rankings; Allen ISD ranked #33 nationally, Frisco ISD ranked #60, Prosper ISD ranked #73, Lovejoy ISD ranked #78, and McKinney ISD ranked #268.

Public high schools

McKinney Boyd High School
For high school, the two thirds of the city's students who are in McKinney ISD attend McKinney High School, McKinney North High School, McKinney Boyd High School, or Serenity High School. The remaining third of McKinney students attend Liberty High School, Independence High School, Heritage High School, Prosper High School, Allen High School, Melissa High School, Lovejoy High School, or Celina High School.

In the 2018 U.S. News & World Report High School Rankings, Lovejoy High School ranked #49 in Texas rankings and #283 in National rankings; McKinney North High School ranked #76 and #627, respectively, McKinney Boyd High School ranked #85 and #722, respectively, Frisco Liberty High School ranked #92 and #770, respectively, Prosper High School ranked #124 and #1100, respectively, and Allen High School ranked #130 and #1228, respectively.

Public charter schools
Imagine International Academy of North Texas is a no-tuition open-enrollment public charter school for grades K12 in McKinney. It is open to students within any school district that serves McKinney residents. It is state-funded, independently run, and not part of any school district.

Private schools
There are two private schools in the city that serve all grades from K12, McKinney Christian Academy and Cornerstone Christian Academy.

See also: List of newspapers in Texas, List of radio stations in Texas, and List of television stations in Texas
The McKinney Courier-Gazette is a daily newspaper published in McKinney, Texas, covering Collin County. It is owned by American Community Newspapers.

The newspaper has a daily circulation of 4,400 and a Sunday circulation of 26,400.

McKinney is served by two U.S. Highways: US 75 and US 380. The city is also bordered by the Sam Rayburn Tollway, a toll road administered by the North Texas Tollway Authority that runs to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport.

McKinney offers discounted transit services to elderly, disabled, or low-income residents through the Collin County Transit Program.

The far southwestern corner of McKinney, in the large Craig Ranch development, has a trolley bus that serves the development and some shopping centers in the surrounding area.

Major highways
US 75
US 380
SH 5
SH 121 (Sam Rayburn Tollway)
McKinney National Airport and Aero Country Airport provide private and business air services.

Dallas, Garland and Northeastern Railroad (DGNO)

Notable people
Len Akin, professional football player
Mike Bolsinger, professional baseball pitcher, Toronto Blue Jays
Larry Brantley, actor and comedian known for voicing Wishbone on PBS series of same name
William Calhoun, professional wrestler, who used professional name "Haystack" or "Haystacks" Calhoun
Hollie Cavanagh, singer who placed fourth on 11th season of American Idol
Tommy Crutcher, football player; honorable mention All-State football at McKinney High School in 1959; NCAA All-American at Texas Christian University in 1963; played eight seasons (196572) in NFL, mainly for Green Bay Packers
Clem Daniels, pro football player
Chad Haga, professional road racing cyclist
Kenneth E. Hagin, influential Pentecostal preacher, often called "father" (or "granddaddy") of "Word of Faith" movement
Tom Kite, professional golfer
Brittany Lang, professional golfer, 2016 U.S. Women's Open champion
Zach Lee, professional baseball player
Anthony Lynn, head coach of NFL's Los Angeles Chargers; player for Denver Broncos (1993), San Francisco 49ers (199596), Denver Broncos (199799)[circular reference]
Karthik Nemmani, Scripps National Spelling Bee winner for 2018
Lee Nguyen, professional soccer player for New England Revolution
Ken Paxton, Texas state senator from District 8; member of Texas House of Representatives, 200313; state attorney general
Alex Puccio, professional climber and bouldering champion
Johnny Quinn, Olympic athlete
Jason Ralph, Actor, most known for the character Quentin Coldwater in the Syfy television series The Magicians.
Robert Richardson Jr., NASCAR driver
Scott Sanford, certified public accountant and executive pastor of Cottonwood Creek Baptist Church; Republican member of Texas House of Representatives from McKinney since 2013
Guinn Smith, gold medalist at 1948 Summer Olympics in pole vault
James W. Throckmorton, Governor of Texas, U.S. congressman, and member of Texas Senate
London Woodberry, professional soccer player
Dudley Wysong, professional golfer
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